KAZIRANGAThe Park Kaziranga National Park is situated on the bank of river Brahmaputra in northeastern Assam state in India. The Park is known for its highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world & two-thirds of the world’s great one- horned Rhinoceroses. A breeding paradise for Avians & animals, the Kaziranga covers a wide area of 430-Sq-Km & to preserve the valuable flora & fauna, It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940.There are mainly three types of vegetation found in Kaziranga National Park & includes following The alluvial inundated grasslands, The tropical wet evergreen forests and The tropical semi-evergreen forests.Flora Flora includes around 41% tall grasses, 11% short grasses, 29% open jungles, 4% swamps, 8% rivers and water bodies and 6% sand .During the summer, the Silk Cotton tree (Bombax ceiba) turn ‘red’ with the blooming of the flowers and later dispersement of their seeds in white balls of fluff that float through the air.Fauna The wildlife sanctuary famous as the breeding grounds of the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, in Assam includes a large variety of wildlife. Below are given a few of them:20 mammalian species. 15 threatened Mammalian species. largest population of the Great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros (1,855) Significant populations of large herbivores include elephants (1,940) seven species of vultures.
Major AttractionsThe other major wild attractions include a large population of Indian Bison, Swamp Deer or Barasingha, Hog Deer, Sloth Bears, Tigers, Leopard Cats, Jungle Cats, Otters, Hog Badgers, Capped Langurs, Hoolock Gibbons, Wild Boar, Jackal, Wild Buffalo, Pythons, Monitor Lizards etc.Other Attractions:Other attractions include the following: The Kakochang waterfalls, The ruins of the ancient Numaligarh, The tea gardens of Hathkhuli, Methoni, Difalu & Borchapori, The Elephant Safari & The Jeep Safari.How to reach there:By Train: The nearest railway station is at Furkating which is situated 75-km away from Kaziranga National Park.By Air: The nearest airport to Kaziranga is situated at Guwahati which is 217-km away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 97-km from Kaziranga.By Road: ASTC buses and private buses to Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam are available from the main gate of the park at Kohora.Best Season to go: The park experiences three seasons mainly, The Summer Season, The Winter season & the Monsoon season. The best time to visit the Kaziranga is from mid-November to early April. During the monsoons, the Brahmaputra River floods the low grasslands and marshes causing animals to migrate from one area to another within the Park. The Winter season is mild & dry.Maximum temperature in Winters: 26 degree C. Minimum temperature in Winters: 10 degree C. Maximum temperature in Summers: 37 degree C. Minimum temperature in Summers: 22 degree C.During Summer season, March & May is hot and you may easily spot animals near water bodies. The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September, and causes most of Kaziranga’s annual rainfall of 2,220 mm.during July & August.Don’t sNever forget that you are in the forest to visit & observe the animals in their natural habitat so do not disturb them by throwing stones on them to grab their attention.Do not carry cellphones in the jungle or keep them on Vibrator / Silent mode . Best thing is to switch it off during the course of the safari because alien sounds such as those of cellphones may annoy or irritate the wild animals.Avoid using and leaving behind any combustible substances in the Forest.It is not advisable to bring infants and small children in the forest as they often find it hard to retain calm thereby scaring away the shy animals.
With an idea to observe animals better, do not get too close. Do not try to make friends with the wild animals in the forest.The Forest is home to several wild animals and it is best not to litter around the forest.Do’sAlways carry insect and mosquito repellent creams, antiseptic creams, band-aids, water bottle, first aid kit, small torch, personal hygiene products, raincoats and the like.Be prepared with a good camera and stock up on extra film so that you can capture the best wild life movements. But never use harsh flash lights & consult the forest guide before taking pictures or shooting videos.Sunglasses, sunscreens and sun hats protect you from the harsh rays of the Sun and prevent sunburns. It is also advisable to wear comfortable and covered shoes with socks instead of floaters and Fancy foot wears.Take only what you need to the jungle. Some jungle expeditions are weary and the extra equipment like tripods, munchies and the like will not only create a ruckus but also tire you out soon.Stick to your Forest guide and group all the times.Keep conversation restricted to the safari/expedition and avoid talking in a loud tone.